“If diabetes won’t kill you, its complications will”
This statement is practically true as diabetes which is characterized by an elevation of the blood sugar levels due to the inability of the cells to absorb glucose, if left unchecked, can cause complications ranging from minor effects to potentially deadly disorders. At worst, diabetes complications could become systemic in nature and involve breakdown of multiple organs of the body over time. What could have been easily prevented by simply putting your sugar levels in check could prove catastrophic in the end.
Complications of diabetes can either be short term or long term. Short term diabetes complications usually are of sudden onset and could be the identifying mark that the person has just become diabetic. Hyperglycaemia (Increased blood sugar levels), hypoglycaemia ( decreased), ketoacidosis ( increased ketones in the blood), and hyperosmolar (high concentration of glucose) syndrome are tell tale signs of acute or short term diabetes mellitus complications. These symptoms when properly addressed by the medications given by the physician will usually be alleviated and controlled right away unless severe underlying conditions are also present.
Long term complications may take as long as 10-15 years of being diabetic before they show up. These complications tend to be more severe than the short term ones owing to their ability to affect single or multiple organs of the body. Most people suffering from early diabetes tend to take the disease for granted because basically they can still function normally as they used to with little or no signs of discomfort at all. However, diabetes when left untreated in time will continuously weaken and damage the integrity of the blood vessels thereby gradually affecting the distribution of blood to the organs. This could lead to decreased oxygen supply on the organs and would eventually wear them down hence the inability to function properly.
In our efforts to point out the cases that lead to these complications and offer extensive information regarding each one, this category would cover minor to severe complications including:
· Amputations and Other Complications Involving the Extremities - Statistics show that more than 60% of lower limb amputations are performed in people with diabetes mellitus. Amputation complications include the removal of the toes, the entire foot, or even the whole leg. Causative events greatly vary as to the reason for the amputations. Some started as small cuts that later progressed to becoming a gangrene, while others develop a diabetic foot disorder due to poor hygiene and improper foot care.
In this section, we will be writing about how to prevent and what to avoid in order to stay away from such cases, how to improve circulation in feet, diabetes foot ulcers, diabetic foot complications, what to do if ever symptoms show up and how to deal with amputation issues in general.
· Diabetes Skin Problems like raised skin bumps, diabetes and edema, and other dermatologic complications of diabetes will also be taken up in this category. What are the signs, symptoms and manifestation of diabetes- induced skin disorders, what are the underlying causes, medical as well as natural remedies for such cases, and things that you can do to prevent them from recurring again.
· Blood Circulation problems leading to heart attack, stroke, heart diseases, congestive heart failure, changes in blood pressure, cardiomyopathy and other macrovascular and vascular complications of diabetes. Studies show that people with diabetes are 2 to 4 times at risk of dying due to heart diseases compared to those who have none. A diabetic person is also 4 times more prone to stroke. Discussions on the mechanisms on how diabetes lead to these disorders will be given light as well as how you can minimize the risks of acquiring them. Precautions and treatments will also be discussed.
· Organs affected with increased blood glucose levels including the kidneys and the eyes. Diabetes is now the leading cause of new blindness among adults aged 20-74 years of age as stated in the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet. It is also the leading cause of kidney failure accounting 44% of new cases. Loss of sight is a permanent disablement that could have been easily prevented if steps are taken to cure the effects of diabetes sooner. Kidneys, on the other hand, play a vital role in the filtration of blood and excretion of waste materials from the body. Blood pressure is also widely affected by the integrity of the kidney hence it is a major organ that should be kept away from the complications of diabetes.
· Other complications and collaborations with other substances like cholesterol and ketoacidosis. How they affect the body in general, and how managing them properly could significantly decrease the risk factors of diabetes.
Complications whether short term or long term, chronic or acute, mild or severe, should be given emphasis in order to ensure better quality of life. This category aims to give you important information that would be enough to give you an idea on how bad it can be and how easy it could have been prevented if properly managed.